Accessibility and sustainable mobility in rural areas

AMOSAR is a project with a comprehensive approach that, through the implementation of an efficient, digitized and sustainable public mobility model, promotes urban regeneration and territorial cohesion of the coastal towns in the north of the Arousa estuary region.

Fundación RIA


Team and collaborators
Fundación RIA


Barbanza, A Coruña

The project, promoted independently by Fundación RIA, proposes a sustainable public mobility system as a catalyst to develop a territorial strategy to boost economic development, population fixation in peripheral areas and urban regeneration.

By means of an express line of emission-free buses, the proposal connects the industrial nodes located along the AG-11 motorway with the major infrastructures of the Atlantic Axis, and a network of interchanges will allow it to be coordinated by means of shuttles with a system of electric minibuses that travel along the coastal urban centres, along the AC-305 road.

With the aim of drastically reducing emissions and the impact of cars on public space, the rehabilitation of housing and urban regeneration with criteria of efficiency, inclusion and well-being will be promoted.

For its development, the use of digital advances is necessary, using big data in the analysis, planning, and management of routes; making information accessible in real time through web platforms and mobile apps for users, operators, and administrations; fostering communication and citizen participation with gamification strategies; and deploying electric recharging points and solar generation in all the components of the project.

The citizens of the Barbanza peninsula rely heavily on private vehicles to get around. As a result, private vehicle spaces occupy most of the public space.

Territorial context

The Mancomunidad Barbanza Arousa is a supra-municipal area with the third highest population density in the province of A Coruña, with 66,000 inhabitants. It is made up of the municipalities of Rianxo, Boiro, A Pobra do Caramiñal and Ribeira, which have an important industrial fabric, with leading national companies in the canning sector.

The large number of jobs in these centres substantially increases the number of daily commutes to work in the region, most of them in private combustion vehicles.

This area has two mobility infrastructures, with two parallel routes. Firstly, the coastal road (AC-305), a historic road which crosses and connects the urban centres along the coast, very close to the seafront. The other, the Autovía do Barbanza (AG-11), is a fast road that is not currently used by public transport and which, therefore, can hardly compete with private transport in terms of journey time.

AMOSAR is a comprehensive project that aims to economically reactivate this important industrial axis, to move towards a sustainable urban model and to link the region with the main infrastructures of the Atlantic Axis.

A comprehensive system

The proposal aims to offer an efficient, universal and clean mobility plan for the four municipalities of the supramunicipal area Barbaza Arousa (Rianxo, Boiro, A Pobra do Caramiñal and Ribeira), while also providing the northern bank of the Arousa estuary with a fast connection to Padrón and Santiago de Compostela, which, unlike the southern bank, do not have a railway.

To this end, AMOSAR proposes a network of seven lines with very short waiting and interchange times, with real-time information.

Through interchange hubs strategically located in available land in industrial estates and business parks, the express line is connected to the centres of the municipalities.

The industrial estates of Barbanza Arousa are the ideal place to locate interchange hubs, as they are themselves generators of journeys and have free public land. These infrastructures integrate other non-motorised means of transport as well aspark and ride facilities and charging stations in order to favour intermodality.

A strategy aligned with global sustainability goals

The AMOSAR proposal promotes the reconstruction and transformation of mobility infrastructure with attention to the lines of action promoted by the Spanish Urban Agenda and the European Green Pact, guidelines which are aligned with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

In order to address the necessary urban regeneration promoted by the Spanish Urban Agenda, we must broaden the focus and design a comprehensive strategy that places public, clean and digital mobility as a vector of development, in combination with housing rehabilitation, energy generation and efficiency, and improvement of public space.

Consult the full proposal in its information dossier.